What is accreditation?
- A concept based on self-regulation which focuses on evaluation and the continuing improvement of educational quality.
- A process by which institutions or programs continuously upgrade their educational quality and services through self-evaluation and the judgment of peers.
- A status granted to an educational institution or program which meets commonly accepted standards of quality or excellence
What are the basic characteristics of accreditation?
The basic characteristics of accreditation are
- Its prevailing sense of volunteerism;
- Its strong tradition of self-regulation;
- Its reliance on evaluation techniques;
- Its primary concern with quality.
Why private, voluntary accreditation?
In general, all educational institutions in the Philippines go through one form of accreditation – “recognized by the government.” Government recognition is, however, inadequate for purposes of identifying and determining educational quality. Thus, private voluntary accreditation provides the opportunity for an educational institution to attain standards above those prescribed as minimum requirements by the government.
An educational institution committed to institutional self- improvement through the guidance of PAASCU may request to become an Applicant Institution.
- Application letter from the President or Director of the Institution, addressed to the PAASCU Board of Directors.
- Department of Education/CHED certificate of recognition
- Submission of the documents supporting the institution’s case for acceptance should include the institution’s objectives, history, organizational structure and by-laws, principal administrators, number of faculty members, number of students, and any other materials /brochures/ manuals/ or other publications.
- Payment of an application fee.
- PAASCU’s Actions and Responsibilities:
- Formal acceptance as an Applicant Institution.
- Assistance through Consultancy Services.
Candidate status is granted to institutions which have completed their preliminary survey visit and preparing for initial accreditation. Candidacy is not accreditation and does not assure eventual accreditation. It is an indication that an institution is progressing toward accreditation.
- Completion of a preliminary survey visit.
- Implementation of the recommendations of the preliminary survey team.
- Completion of an Institutional Self-Survey using the PAASCU survey forms.
- Submission of the accomplished Self-Survey at least one (1) month prior to Formal Survey Visit.
- Assessment which is on candidate status is on until such time that it meets the requirements of a Member Institution.
- PAASCU’s Actions and Responsibilities:
- Consultancy services, particularly during the Institutional Self- Survey process, are made available.
- Scheduling of a Formal Survey Visit upon request of the institution.
A Candidate Institution which has fulfilled the requirements of accreditation may be granted Member status.
- The Institution should receive a favorable rating after the Formal Survey Visit.
- The Institution should implement the recommendations of the Formal Survey Team.
- Payment of the membership fee.
- Favorable evaluation by a PAASCU Formal Survey Team leads to the granting of accreditation for a period of three (3) years. With this, the institution becomes a full member of the Association. At the end of the initial three-year accreditation period, the school undergoes another self- evaluation.
- Applies for re-accreditation if the second formal visit is favorable, then accreditation is awarded for a period of five (5) years.
- PAASCU’s Actions and Responsibilities:
- Consultancy services to strengthen the areas needing improvement.
- Assistance through school improvement program and services.
- Continued liaison with FAAP and the Department of Education and the
- Commission on Higher Education.
In 1957, PAASCU began accrediting in the tertiary level programs in Liberal Arts, Education and Commerce. Presently, PAASCU accredits the following programs:
- Liberal Arts/Sciences
- Computer Science
- Information Technology
- Information Management
- Information Systems
- Medical Technology
- Hospitality Management
- Travel and Tourism
- Social Work
- Criminal Justice
- Electronics and Communications
- Manufacturing Engineering and Management
- Radiologic Technology
- Occupational Therapy/ Physical Therapy
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Interior Design/Fine Arts
- Basic Medical Education
- Graduate Education
- Arts and Sciences
- Business Administration
- Public Health
PAASCU began accreditation of secondary schools in 1965. The accreditation of elementary schools was started in 1971. The accreditation of integrated High School and Grade School units, or Basic Education, began in 2001.
In 1988, PAASCU began accrediting in the graduate level courses or programs in Liberal Arts/ Arts and Sciences, Education and Business Administration. And in 2003, PAASCU started accrediting Medical schools
WHAT ARE PAASCU’S STANDARDS?
The Association does not impose arbitrary standards. The survey forms developed by PAASCU identify principles and practices which are found in excellent institutions. The statements in the survey forms are more qualitative rather than quantitative. The Association does not have specificformulas to apply or particular patterns of organization to follow. The criteria and survey instruments are merely tools to help the school measure educational quality. They are intended to serve as a guide for institutions as they strive for excellence and for accreditors as they assess institutional achievement. The standards reflect a realistic appraisal of the school’s resources and their efficient utilization to help the institution achieve its goals.
HOW ARE THESE STANDARDS MEASURED?
Much emphasis is placed on the formulation of the school’s purposes and objectives. Only when its goals are clear can the school discover the extent to which such purposes and objectives are being achieved. Essential in the accreditation process is the self-survey made by an institution applying for accreditation. The self-survey is an analysis by its own staff of the institution’s educational resources and effectiveness in relation to its own purposes and objectives.
PAASCU judges an institution not by comparison with other institutions but primarily by the degree to which each institution’s own avowed purposes are matched by actual practice in the various areas being evaluated. Thus, a school is judged on the basis of the “total pattern” presented by it.
Benefits and Incentives
- Level I/ Level II:
- Full administrative deregulation, provided that reports of promotion of students and lists of graduates are available for review by CHED at all times.
- Financial deregulation in terms of setting tuition and other school fees and charges.
- Authority to revise the curriculum without CHED approval provided that CHED and Professional Regulation Commission minimum requirements and guidelines, where applicable, are complied with and the revised curriculum is submitted to CHED Regional Offices.
- Authority to graduate students from accredited courses or programs of study in the levels accredited without prior approval of the CHED and without need for Special Orders.
- Priority in the awards of grants/subsidies or funding assistance from CHED Higher Education Development Fund (HEDF) for scholarships and faculty development, facilities improvement and other development programs.
- Right to use on its publications or advertisements the word “ACCREDITED” pursuant to CHED policies and rules.
- Limited visitation, inspection and/or supervision by CHED supervisory personnel or representatives.
- Level III:
- All the benefits for Level I/II.
- Authority to offer new courses allied to existing Level III courses without need for prior approval, provided that the concerned CHED Regional Office (CHEDRO) is duly informed.
- Privilege to apply for authority to offer new graduate programs, open learning/distance education, extension classes and to participate in the transnational education.
- Level IV:
- All the benefits for Levels I, II and III.
- Grant of full autonomy for the program for the duration of its Level IV accredited status.
- Authority to offer new graduate programs allied to existing Level IV courses, open learning/ distance education and extension classes without need for prior approval by CHED provided that the concerned CHEDRO is duly informed.
DO 32, S. 2006 – REVISED POLICIES ON VOLUNTARY ACCREDITATION FOR ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN AID OF QUALITY AND EXCELLENCE FOR BASIC EDUCATION
- Statement of Policy
- It is the declared policy of the State to encourage and assist, through the Department of Education (DepED), private elementary and secondary schools which desire to attain standards of quality over and above the minimum required by the State.
- For this purpose, the DepED encourages the use of voluntary non-governmental accreditation system in aid of the exercise of its regulatory functions. The DepED will promote a policy environment which supports the non-governmental and voluntary character and protects the integrity of the accreditation process.
- The DepED recognizes the pioneering work and efforts of the accrediting agencies federated under the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines (FAAP) namely: the Association of Christian Schools, Colleges and Universities Accrediting Agency, Inc. (ACSCU-AAI), the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU) and the Philippine Association of Colleges and Universities Commission on Accreditation (PACUCOA).
- The DepED hereby authorizes the FAAP as the agency that would certify the accredited status of schools in accordance with its own standards for purposes of the grant of progressive deregulation status and other benefits as contained in this Order.
- Accreditation Levels
- The scheme for progressive deregulation of qualified educational programs established pursuant to Part III, Rule IV, Section 2b of the Implementing Rules of Batas Pambansa Blg. 232 and to Resolution No. 66 of the Regular Session of the Batasang Pambansa otherwise known as the National Development Plan, 1983-1984 shall be upheld.
- For purposes of progressive deregulation and grant of other benefits, private elementary and high schools that have been granted recognition and have had graduates for at least two (2) consecutive years, are classified as candidates for one of three (3) accredited levels:
b.1 Candidate Status: schools which have undergone a preliminary survey visit and are certified by FAAP as capable of attaining accredited status within two years.
b.2 Level I Accredited Status: schools which have been granted initial accreditation status for a period of three years by any of the FAAP member agencies and duly certified by the Federation.
b.3 Level Il Re-Accredited Status: schools which have been granted re-accreditation status for a period of three or five years by any of the FAAP member agencies and duly certified by the Federation.
b.4 Level III Re-Accredited Status: schools which have been granted re-accreditation status and have met the additional criteria/guidelines set by FAAP for this level. The schools should satisfy the following criteria/guidelines:
- A reasonably high standard of instruction.
- Well-developed mechanism for improving and upgrading its own curriculum.
- Creditable performance of its teachers that promote effectiveness of teaching and learning.
- High level of achievement and performance of students in both academic and co-curricular activities.
- A highly visible community, extension program describing the nature and extent of student and teacher involvement and the impact of such program to the community.
- A strong faculty development tradition evidenced by an appropriate budget allocation and/or systematic plan for staff development programs.
- The schools should submit documentary evidence to support their claims.
Only schools that have been granted “clean” re-accreditation, meaning that no progress report or interim visits are required within the five year accreditation period, may apply for level III status.
The following benefits for the different accreditation levels shall be provided:
- Level I
a.1 Partial administrative deregulation, provided that reports of promotion of students and lists of graduates are available for review by the Department of Education (DepED) at all times.
a.2 Financial deregulation, in terms of setting tuition and other school fees and charges.
a.3 Partial curricular autonomy, provided that the minimum requirements and guidelines are complied with and the revised curriculum is submitted to DepED Regional Offices.
a.4 Authority to graduate students without prior approval of DepED.
a.5 Priority in the awards of grants/subsidies from DepED for student scholarships, e.g., the Educational Contracting Scheme, scholarships for faculty development and funding assistance for other development programs.
a.6 Right to use on its publication or advertisement the word “ACCREDITED” pursuant to DepED policies and rules.
a.7 Limited visitation, inspection and/or supervision by DepED supervisory personnel or representatives.
- Level II
b.1 Full administrative deregulation, provided that reports of promotion of students and lists of graduates are available for review by the DepED at all times.
b.2 Financial deregulation, in terms of setting tuition and other school fees and charges,
b.3 Full curricular autonomy, i.e. authority to modify the curriculum without DepED approval provided that the minimum requirements and guidelines are complied with and the modified curriculum is an enriched version of the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum and is submitted to DepED Regional Offices.
b.4 Authority to graduate students without prior approval of DepED.
b.5 Priority in the awards of grants/subsidies from DepED for student scholarships, e.g. the Educational Contracting Scheme, scholarships for faculty development and funding assistance for other development programs.
b.6 Right to use on its publication or advertisement the word ‘’ACCREDITED’’ pursuant to DepED policies and rules.
b.7 Limited visitation, inspection and/or supervision by DepED supervisory personnel or representatives.
- Level III
c.1 All the benefits for Level I and II.
c.2 Full curricular autonomy, including the authority to innovate without need for prior approval provided that the concerned DepED Regional Office is duly informed.
c.3 Grant of full autonomy including freedom from visitation, inspection and/or supervision by DepED supervisory personnel or representatives for the duration of its Level III accredited status.
- Level I
This Order supersedes DECS Order No. 93, s. 1992 entitled “Revised Policies on Voluntary Accreditation and Deregulation” and shall take effect immediately,
Other existing DECS/DepED issuances contrary to or inconsistent with this Order are also hereby rescinded.
DECS Order: (No. 93, s. 1992)
Allotment: 1- -(D.O. 50-97)
To be indicated in the Perpetual Index under the following subjects:
Advantages and Benefits
WHAT ARE THE OTHER ADVANTAGES?
Membership in PAASCU:
- Gives the institution and its faculty a sense of direction based on a clearer selfimage.
- Facilitates transfer of students.
- Provides guidance for parents and students in the choice of worthy schools.
- Gives prestige for member schools, justified by the possession of quality standards and the continuing effort to maintain them at a high level.
ARE MEMBER SCHOOLS ENTITLED TO ANY SERVICES?
Yes. The following services are available to member schools:
- Consultancy services: PAASCU makes available to institutions its accreditation consultancy services to assist them in their institutional self-survey process and in their preparation for survey visits.
- Assistance to institutional programs: Complementing the institution’s own efforts at upgrading academic standards and in-service for administrative personnel, PAASCU organizes various training seminars, workshops and conferences in different areas.
- Liaison and cooperation with the Department of Education and the Commission on Higher Education:PAASCU seeks to assist members in identifying areas of liaison and cooperation with the Department of Education and CHED regional offices.
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COLL-application for survey visit
GS-application for survey visit
GSHS-application for survey visit
HS-application for survey visit
IBED-application for survey visit
Med Ed-application for survey visit
BED checklist of materials
Checklist of Materials GED
COL checklist of materials
GS checklist of materials
HS checklist of materials
MED checklist of materials
Guidelines for Applicant School - COL
Guidelines for Applicant School - GED
Guidelines for Applicant School - GSHSBED
Guidelines for Applicant School - MED