Standards & instruments
The PAASCU accreditation process promotes principles and practices which are found in excellent institutions. The Survey Forms used in the accreditation process are based on standards and good practice. The statements in the Survey Forms are more qualitative rather than quantitative. The PAASCU accreditation process does not have specific formulas to apply or particular patterns to require the institutions. The survey instruments and criteria for evaluation are tools to help the institution measure educational quality as they strive for excellence.
PAASCU’s Four-fold Definition of Quality
The fundamental concern of PAASCU is the quality of educational institutions and it upholds a definition of quality that has the following elements:
- Achievement of minimum standards based on learning outcomes
- Achievement of evidenced excellence based on learning outcomes
- Implementation of the vision, mission, and goals of the school
- Responsiveness to stakeholders
PAASCU Quality Standards
AREA 1. LEADERSHIP AND GOVERNANCE
STANDARD 1. Vision- Mission
The institution has clearly articulated and disseminated to key stakeholders the vision and mission statements that reflect its educational philosophy, core values, and goals.
STANDARD 2. Leadership and Management
The institution practices responsible management and models leadership that result in an effective and efficient running of the institution.
STANDARD 3. Strategic Management
A strategic planning activity participated in by key stakeholders, is periodically conducted to formulate, implement and evaluate plans, program and activities toward the achievement of the institution’s vision, mission and goals.
STANDARD 4. Policy Formulation and Implementation
The institution has a system for formulating and implementing a set of policies that reflect institutional values, promote its unique culture, make operations efficient, and conform to government regulations and standards.
STANDARD 5. Risk Management
A risk management system is in place to ensure that the institution is aware and manages present and future risks.
AREA 2. QUALITY ASSURANCE
STANDARD 6. Internal Quality Assurance System
The institution has an established internal quality assurance system, with clearly defined policies, procedures and activities that implements, evaluates, enhances and assures the quality of its educational programs and processes.
STANDARD 7. External Quality Assurance
The institution subjects itself to periodic external assessment designed to be fit for purpose and to validate the effectiveness of its IQA system in terms of regulatory requirements and quality standards.
AREA 3. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
STANDARD 8. Human Resources
The institution has adequate and qualified human resources, both teaching and non-teaching, that enable it to perform its teaching, research and community service functions, and it has programs in place for the recruitment, selection, hiring, deployment, training and retirement of personnel.
STANDARD 9. Financial Resources
A system is in place to manage the financial resources of the institution including the efficient sourcing, allocation, use, safeguarding, and accounting of such resources.
STANDARD 10. Physical Facilities
The institution has adequate, conducive, up-to-date, well-maintained and safe facilities to support the functions of teaching, research, and community service.
AREA 4. TEACHING-LEARNING
STANDARD 11. Curricular Programs
A system to design, develop, and review the program offerings is established ensuring alignment with the institutional vision-mission and goals, with program objectives and learning outcomes, and are relevant to meet stakeholders’ needs.
STANDARD 12. Teaching and Learning Methods
A system to select, develop and evaluate the appropriate teaching and learning methods and activities is established which is aligned with the institution’s educational philosophy and is intended to achieve the desired learning outcomes.
STANDARD 13. Assessment Methods
A system is in place to plan and select the most appropriate types of assessment that is aligned to the achievement of the expected learning outcomes.
AREA 5. STUDENT SERVICES
STANDARD 14. Student Recruitment, Admission and Placement
The institution has an effective system of recruitment, admission and placement of students with defined criteria that are valid and reliable.
STANDARD 15. Student Services Programs and Support
The institution ensures that student services and support are adequate and readily accessible to support students in their academic and non-academic pursuits, and promote personal well-being.
AREA 6. EXTERNAL RELATIONS
STANDARD 16. Networks, Linkages and Partnerships
The institution establishes networks, linkages and partnerships with local, national, regional and international agencies and groups in pursuance of its vision, mission and goals.
STANDARD 17. Community Engagement and Service
The institution commits to conduct community engagements and service activities as part of its social responsibility and corporate citizenship.
AREA 7. RESEARCH
STANDARD 18. Research Management and Collaboration
The institution implements a research program that is aligned with the institution’s mission-vision, supports its teaching-learning and community engagement functions, and addresses local and national development needs.
STANDARD 19. Intellectual Property Rights and Ethics in Research
The institution has a policy on intellectual property rights and on the adherence of ethical norms in the conduct of research.
AREA 8. RESULTS
STANDARD 20. Educational Results
The results of the educational process include the achievement of the expected learning outcomes, pass rates, and dropout rates, the average time to graduate, employability of graduates, pass rates of graduates in board examinations of board-related program offerings and the satisfaction levels of graduates, among others.
STANDARD 21. Community Engagement and Service Results
The community engagement and service programs of the institution produces results that impact the institution and its stakeholders, and society as a whole.
STANDARD 22. Research Results
The institution has produced research outputs as seen through new knowledge embodied in publications, citations, journals, research-informed teaching, technology transfers, innovations, inventions, creative works, etc.
STANDARD 23. Financial and Competitiveness Results
The financial performance of the institution and its competitiveness are measured, monitored and assessed for improvement and sustainability.